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What Helps Protect Human Rights: Human Rights Theory and Evidence  

Jessica Anderson and Amanda Murdie

Online publication date:
May 2017
Empirical international relations (IR) theory developed three generalized statements regarding why human rights abuses occur. First, human rights abuses are a way for an unrestrained ... More

What Do We Know About Civil War Duration?: A Bargaining Perspective  

David E. Cunningham

Online publication date:
May 2017
Civil wars vary greatly in duration—some end within months; others last for decades. What explains this variation? Civil wars drag on when no combatant can win a military victory and the ... More

Vicissitudes of Emotions and Political Action During the Greek Crisis  

Bettina Davou

Online publication date:
May 2017
Action readiness is considered a central property of emotions in most psychological theories. Emotions are the engine of behavior. They are the motivating, directing, prioritizing function ... More

Unipolarity: The Shaky Foundation of a Fashionable Concept  

James H. Lebovic

Online publication date:
May 2017
Since the Cold War’s end, academics and policy analysts alike have described the international system as unipolar. The term’s use appears well grounded. The United States possesses ... More

Theory of Regional War and Peace  

Benjamin Miller

Online publication date:
May 2017
The explanation of the variations in war and peace patterns across different regions, and transitions between war and peace in the same region, is based on the introduction of the ... More

Theories of Civil War Onset: Promises and Pitfalls  

Adrian Florea

Online publication date:
May 2017
Empirical research on civil war onset has been largely dominated by two approaches: a correlational or “correlates of civil war” approach which seeks to identify country-level ... More

Theoretical Underpinnings of a Global Social Contract  

Takashi Inoguchi

Online publication date:
May 2017
In modeling a global social contract, theoretical underpinnings are provided, drawing from Jean-Jacques Rousseau’s The Social Contract and John Locke’s Two Treatises of Government. The ... More

Territory and Contentious Issues  

Paul R. Hensel

Online publication date:
May 2017
Territorial issues have been prominent causes of armed conflict and war in the modern era. This observation has led to a rapidly growing body of academic literature on the sources, ... More

Systemic Causes of Civil Wars  

Ann Hironaka

Online publication date:
May 2017
Civil wars in the contemporary world are deeply interpenetrated by international influences. There are six different conceptions of the international system and their effects on civil ... More

Symbolic Politics as International Relations Theory  

Stuart J. Kaufman

Online publication date:
May 2017
The symbolic politics theory of ethnic war starts from the insight that most political behavior is not rational but intuitive, driven by “symbolic predispositions” such as ideological ... More

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