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Terrorism as a Global Wave Phenomenon: Religious Wave  

David C. Rapoport

Online publication date:
Oct 2017
Time gaps existed in the first three waves between precipitating political events and the development of terrorist activity. But now the time gap has disappeared because the precipitating ... More

Terrorism as a Global Wave Phenomenon: Anarchist Wave  

David C. Rapoport

Online publication date:
Oct 2017
The First Wave of global terrorism began in Russia. After Russia was humiliated in the Crimean War (1853–1856), Czar Alexander II decided to make it more like Western states which seemed ... More

Suicide Terrorism Theories  

Susanne Martin and Ami Pedahzur

Online publication date:
Oct 2017
Suicide terrorism has captured considerable attention since the attacks on September 11, 2001. Governments offered unprecedented support for scholars who were willing to research the ... More

The Spread of Conflict in International Relations  

Nils W. Metternich

Online publication date:
Oct 2017
International relations as a subfield in political science has always been fundamentally concerned about the relations between actors and how they lead to conflictual or cooperative ... More

Theoretical and Empirical Approaches to Uncertainty and Conflict in International Relations  

Muhammet A. Bas and Robert Schub

Online publication date:
Sep 2017
Uncertainty is pervasive in international politics. This uncertainty can have many sources. Each source has different origins and implications for the likelihood of conflict. Existing ... More

Terrorism as a Global Wave Phenomenon: New Left Wave  

David C. Rapoport

Online publication date:
Sep 2017
By the 1960s the international world changed dramatically. While the nuclear balance of terror created by the atomic bomb prevented war between the First and the Second Worlds, proxy wars ... More

Terrorism as a Global Wave Phenomenon: Anticolonial Wave  

David C. Rapoport

Online publication date:
Sep 2017
The Versailles Treaty ending World War I established a new international order by creating the League of Nations and, dividing the defeated empires in Europe into a number of ... More

Terrorism as a Global Wave Phenomenon: Overview  

David C. Rapoport

Online publication date:
Sep 2017
Global terror began in the 1880s, but it took a century before a few scholars began to understand its peculiar dynamic. One reason for the difficulty was that many scholars and government ... More

Terrorism and Foreign Policy  

Brian Lai

Online publication date:
Sep 2017
The effect of foreign policy on terrorism is an important area of research that bridges work on international relations and intrastate conflict by highlighting how an outside country can ... More

Managing Internationalized Civil Wars  

Erin K. Jenne and Milos Popovic

Online publication date:
Sep 2017
In their seminal study “Resort to Arms,” Small and Singer (1982) defined a civil war as “any armed conflict that involves (a) military action internal to the metropole, (b) the active ... More

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