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Ecological Modernization and the Politics of Sustainable Development in the Global Palm Oil Industry  

Rory Padfield

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Politics. Please check back later for the full article. The ... More

The Effectiveness of Peacekeeping Operations  

Jessica Di Salvatore and Andrea Ruggeri

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Politics. Please check back later for the full article. ... More

The Effects of Negative Advertising  

Conor M. Dowling and Yanna Krupnikov

Online publication date:
Nov 2016
Since the 1960s there has been an increase in the amount of negative advertising in American campaigns. Although only 10% of advertisements aired in the 1960 campaign were negative, in the ... More

Electoral Systems and Policy Outcomes  

Stephanie J. Rickard

Policies as diverse as tariffs, exchange rates, and unemployment insurance vary across democratic countries. In an attempt to explain this cross-national variation, scholars have turned to ... More

Emerging Powers in Foreign Policy  

Leslie Wehner

Online publication date:
May 2017
Emerging powers are usually referred to as states whose increasing material capacities and status-seeking strategies may potentially have an impact on the international system and also ... More

Emotions in Foreign Policy Decision Making  

Rose McDermott

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
There are lots of ways that emotions have been studied in psychology and various ways that their use has been examined in the context of foreign policy. Perhaps one of the most useful ways ... More

Empirically Assessing the Bargaining Theory of War: Potential and Challenges  

Erik A. Gartzke and Paul Poast

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Politics. Please check back later for the full article. What ... More

The Empirical Promise of Game Theory  

Alexandre Debs

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Politics. Please check back later for the full article. Over the ... More

Energy Policy  

Jale Tosun

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
Energy policy comprises rules concerning energy sources; energy efficiency; energy prices; energy from abroad; energy infrastructure; and climate and environmental aspects of energy ... More

The English School: History and Primary Institutions as Empirical IR Theory?  

Barry Buzan and George Lawson

Online publication date:
May 2017
How does the English School work as part of Empirical International Relations (IR) theory? The English School depends heavily on historical accounts, and this article makes the case that ... More

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