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Constructivist Analyses of Foreign Policy  

David Houghton

Online publication date:
Sep 2017
Most constructivist work in IR has attempted to account for very general outcomes in the international system, most notably the well-known research of Alexander Wendt. Whether we live in a ... More

Corporate Lobbying in Foreign Policy  

Amy Skonieczny

Online publication date:
Sep 2017
More Americans than ever before believe that money in politics weakens our democracy. Public opinion polls show that the number of people who believe that the country is run by a few big ... More

The Council of Ministers of the European Union  

Jeffrey Lewis

Online publication date:
May 2017
The Council of Ministers, officially known as the Council of the European Union (EU), is a single legal composition of national ministers who meet in policy-specific formations to ... More

Counterfactuals and Foreign Policy Analysis  

Richard Ned Lebow

Counterfactuals seek to alter some feature or event of the pass and by means of a chain of causal logic show how the present might, or would, be different. Counterfactual inquiry—or ... More

Crisis Decision Making in Foreign Policy  

David Houghton

Online publication date:
Sep 2017
Despite the frequency with which the term is used in the English language, there is relatively little agreement as to what constitutes a “crisis” in the study of foreign policy and ... More

Critiques of the Rational Actor Model and Foreign Policy Decision Making  

Chris Alden

Online publication date:
Sep 2017
Foreign policy decision making has been and remains at the core of foreign policy analysis and its enduring contribution to international relations. The adoption of rationalist approaches ... More

Cultural Influences on Foreign Policy  

Huiyun Feng

Online publication date:
Aug 2017
Scholars have heatedly debated whether and how culture impacts and shapes a state’s foreign and security policy in particular as well as international relations (IR) in general. The ... More

Cumulative Knowledge, Science, and the Emergence of International Relations  

Torbjørn L. Knutsen

Online publication date:
Aug 2017
Statesmen, salesmen, soldiers, and scholars have discussed international relations for hundreds of years—at least since sovereign states consolidated their presence along the North ... More

Defending Classical Geopolitics  

Phil Kelly

Online publication date:
Jan 2017
Three successive parts are presented within this article, all intended to raise the visibility and show the utility of classical geopolitics as a deserving and separate ... More

Defining and Operationalizing Context Through a Structural Political Geography for International Relations  

Colin Flint and Raymond J. Dezzani

Online publication date:
May 2017
A structural understanding of the contextualized behavior of states is introduced and operationalized. Context is a central theme of the discipline of geography and identifies context ... More

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