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You are looking at  341-350 of 402 articles

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Special Relationships in Foreign Policy  

Sebastian Harnisch

Online publication date:
Jul 2017
Special relationships are durable and exclusive bilateral relations between autonomous polities that are based on mutual expectations of preferential treatment by its members and outsiders ... More

State Leaders and Foreign Policy  

Jeff Carter and Giacomo Chiozza

Online publication date:
Sep 2017
What choices do political leaders make in the international arena? And why? In what ways do the patterns of politics in the international arena shape the selection and prospects of leaders ... More

The State of Hezbollah? Sovereignty as a Potentiality in Global South Contexts  

Imad Mansour

The understanding of the differences in what a state and nonstate actors are and do in the Global South is augmented if we historicize these categories. In particular, the category of the ... More

States and Nonstate Armed Groups (NAGs) in International Relations Theory  

Belgin San-Akca

Online publication date:
Aug 2017
The international arena has been plagued with violence committed by a variety of Nonstate Armed Groups (NAGs), including ethnic and religious insurgents, terrorists, and revolutionaries, ... More

The Steps to War: Theory and Evidence  

Andrew P. Owsiak

Online publication date:
Jul 2017
The steps-to-war theory maintains that war results from the issues under dispute and how states handle these issues. Its foundation rests on the territorial explanation of war, which ... More

Strategic Culture Theory: What, Why, and How  

Edward Lock

Online publication date:
Sep 2017
The concept of strategic culture has become widely used in the field of international relations, primarily in the context of efforts to explain the distinctive strategic behaviors of ... More

The Strategic Use of State Repression and Political Violence  

Jacqueline H. R. deMeritt

Online publication date:
Oct 2016
Repression is the act of subduing someone by institutional or physical force. Political violence is a particular form of repression involving the use of physical force to achieve political ... More

Suffrage Rights  

Humberto Llavador

Online publication date:
Apr 2017
The historical evolution of the right to vote offers three observations. First, almost all groups have seen their voting rights challenged at some point in time, and almost all political ... More

The Supreme Court Decision Making Process  

Timothy R. Johnson

Online publication date:
Nov 2016
The U.S. Supreme Court is but one of three political institutions within the structure of the U.S. federal government. Within this system of separated powers it rules on the ... More

Sweden and the European Union  

Karl Magnus Johansson

Online publication date:
May 2017
Membership in the European Union (EU) entails adjustments or changes in national democracies. Sweden joined the EU in 1995, and EU membership has given rise to controversies in the public ... More

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