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The 5 Ws of Democracy Protests  

Dawn Brancati

Online publication date:
Oct 2016
Recent protests in the Middle East and North Africa, as well as protests a decade earlier in East Central Europe, have peaked public interest while raising concerns about the potential for ... More

Gender Inequality and Internal Conflict  

Erika Forsberg and Louise Olsson

Prior research has found robust support for a relationship between gender inequality and civil war. These results all point in the same direction; countries that display lower levels of ... More

The Geography of Civil War  

Andrew M. Linke and Clionadh Raleigh

Online publication date:
Nov 2016
Attention to geography in the study of civil war has risen dramatically in recent years. Beginning with county-level data in the fields of classical political geography, international ... More

Infectious Disease as a Foreign Policy Threat  

Rebecca Katz, Erin Sorrell, and Claire Standley

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Politics. Please check back later for the full article. The last ... More

Information and Civil Unrest in Dictatorships  

Elizabeth Ann Stein

Considering incidents that make headline news internationally, given the modern information and communication technology revolution, the facility of citizens to rapidly mobilize represents ... More

The International Determinants of Military Coup Behavior  

Ekim Arbatli and Cemal Eren Arbatli

Online publication date:
Jun 2017
Why do coups d’état happen? Although many studies have investigated this question, they pay relatively little attention to the international causes and ramifications of coups. Especially, ... More

Intrastate Conflict and Civilian Victimization  

Reed M. Wood

Online publication date:
Aug 2016
Contemporary civil conflicts frequently impose disproportionate costs of civilian populations. By some estimates, roughly 90% of conflict causalities were combatants in the wars of the ... More

Managing Internationalized Civil Wars  

Erin K. Jenne and Milos Popovic

This is an advance summary of a forthcoming article in the Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Politics. Please check back later for the full article. In their ... More

Measuring Violations of Human Rights Standards  

Mark Gibney, Linda Cornett, Peter Haschke, Reed M. Wood, and Daniel Arnon

Online publication date:
Aug 2016
Although every violation of international human rights law standards is both deplorable and illegal, one of the major advances in the social sciences has been the development of measures ... More

Military Defection and the Arab Spring  

Risa A. Brooks

The protests that began in Tunisia in December 2010, and quickly spread across the Arab world, have drawn significant attention to the impact of militaries and coercive institutions on ... More

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