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Non-State Actors and Foreign Policy  

Frank A. Stengel and Rainer Baumann

Online publication date:
Sep 2017
The rise of non-state (international, private, and transnational) actors in global politics has far-reaching consequences for foreign policy theory and practice. In order to be able to ... More

Nuclear Weapons and International Conflict: Theories and Empirical Evidence  

Daniel S. Geller

Online publication date:
Jul 2017
The balance of conventional military capabilities is intrinsic to understanding patterns of war among nations. However, cumulative knowledge relating to the effects of nuclear weapons ... More

Nuclear Weapons in Foreign Policy  

Molly Berkemeier and Matthew Fuhrmann

Online publication date:
Aug 2017
This essay reviews academic research on the role of nuclear weapons in foreign policy. It begins by discussing the “Theory of the Nuclear Revolution,” which holds that nuclear weapons ... More

Ontological Security and Foreign Policy  

Jennifer Mitzen and Kyle Larson

Online publication date:
Aug 2017
In the early 21st century, a stream of international relations (IR) scholarship has emerged that interprets states’ foreign policy processes, decisions, and international outcomes through ... More

Opportunity and Willingness: From “Ordering Concepts” to an Analytical Perspective for the Study of Politics  

Harvey Starr

Online publication date:
Mar 2017
The opportunity/willingness framework (O/W) is presented as an agent-structure approach to the understanding of international relations (IR) and international conflict, with deep roots in ... More

Organized Crime in Foreign Policy  

Niklas Swanström and Christina Wenngren

Online publication date:
Aug 2017
Transnational organized crime is part and parcel of the modern, globalized economy. The black market has irrefutable influence over both economic and political structures. It corrodes, ... More

Parliaments in Foreign Policy  

Wolfgang Wagner

Online publication date:
Apr 2017
Parliaments differ enormously in their foreign policy competences. This is best documented in the area of “war powers,” understood as decision-making on the use of force. In other issue ... More

Path Dependency in Foreign Policy  

Anika C. Leithner and Kyle M. Libby

Online publication date:
Jul 2017
Path dependence has been employed more frequently in the field of foreign policy analysis, though it is still an emerging framework. The roots of path dependence are traced from the ... More

Peacekeeping as a Tool of Foreign Policy  

Maline Meiske and Andrea Ruggeri

Online publication date:
Sep 2017
Peacekeeping is one of the principal activities and foreign policy tools implemented by the international community to create and “maintain international peace and security.” Peacekeeping ... More

Peace, War, Theory, and Evidence in East Asia  

Benjamin E. Goldsmith

Online publication date:
Jun 2017
Historically one of the world’s most conflict-prone regions, since the Sino-Vietnamese war of 1979, East Asia has enjoyed a relative interstate peace. Implications of some of the relevant ... More

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