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Military Intervention in Interstate and Civil Wars: A Unified Interpretation  

Zachary C. Shirkey

Online publication date:
May 2017
Military intervention into interstate and civil wars is both common and important. It lengthens wars, makes them more severe, and shapes how they are fought. Even the mere possibility of ... More

More Than Mixed Results: What We Have Learned From Quantitative Research on the Diversionary Hypothesis  

Benjamin O. Fordham

Online publication date:
May 2017
In the three decades since Jack Levy published his seminal review essay on the topic, there has been a great deal of quantitative research on the proposition that state leaders can use ... More

Multilateralism, Bilateralism, and Unilateralism in Foreign Policy  

Atsushi Tago

Online publication date:
Aug 2017
International relations scholars have long been working on how diplomacy can be understood by distinguishing diplomatic interactions in terms of multilateralism, bilateralism, and ... More

Multilevel Governance as a Global Governance Challenge: Assumptions, Methods, Shortcomings, and Future Directions  

Joachim K. Rennstich

Online publication date:
Aug 2017
Multilevel governance (MLG) as a research approach has mostly been applied to explain governance issues surrounding the European Union or international organizations. As a general research ... More

Multiple Streams in Foreign Policy  

Nikolaos Zahariadis

Online publication date:
Aug 2017
The Multiple Streams Approach (MSA) builds on the organizational process tradition by (1) unpacking the organizational process “paradigm,” (2) maintaining emphasis on “governmental action ... More

Nationalism and Foreign Policy  

Harris Mylonas and Kendrick Kuo

Online publication date:
Sep 2017
Nationalism continues to be an important ideology that informs the way state elites formulate and implement foreign policy. The relationship between nationalism and foreign policy is ... More

National Secession  

Philip G. Roeder

National secession seeks to create a new sovereign state for a nation residing on its homeland that is currently located inside another sovereign state. This goal distinguishes national ... More

Natural Resources, Climate Change, and Conflict  

Vally Koubi and Gabriele Spilker

Online publication date:
Jun 2017
What is the relationship between resource scarcity and abundance, on the one hand, and intrastate conflict, on the other? Under what conditions do natural resources cause conflict? Which ... More

Negotiation in Foreign Policy  

Kristopher Ramsay

Online publication date:
Sep 2017
Foreign policy often involves two or more countries finding a path from contested interests to a peaceful agreement that incorporates the political and security desires of the relevant ... More

Neoclassical Realist Analyses of Foreign Policy  

Michiel Foulon

Online publication date:
Sep 2017
Neoclassical realism offers insights into why particular foreign policy choices are made, and under what systemic conditions unit-level factors are likely to intervene between systemic ... More

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